But Ross, because of the proximity of this verse to verse 4, says “the psalmist’s concern was not with a harvest of wheat, but people” (Ross, 670). Both well up from deep within our persona. "We were like unto them that dream" (Psalms 126:1). Their vineyards and farmlands had been left largely untended for fifty years, so it took massive effort and a long time to restore them. “Yahweh has done great things (Hebrew: gadal)  for us” (v. 3a). Psalm 126 1 When the LORD turned again the captivity of Zion, we were like them that dream. Remark, 1. They remembered how wonderful it was and how free they had been there. To praise for God's favor to His people is added a prayer for its continued manifestation. (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 2006-2009), VanGemeren, Willem A. This is one of 15 psalms (120-134) that begin with this superscription. The people ask God restore them once again, in order that they may rejoice yet again. Commentary on Psalm 126:1-3 (Read Psalm 126:1-3) It is good to observe how God's deliverances of the church are for us, that we may rejoice in them. The psalmist is describing singing powered by exuberance and energy and enthusiasm. They dreamed of returning one day­­–– although they could hardly imagine how that might be possible. Professor of Old Testament and Alvin N. Rogness Chair in Scripture, Theology, and Ministry, A resource for the whole church from Luther Seminary. They would sow in tears. (General Editor), New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology & Exegesis, 5 vol., (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1997), All Rights Reserved | © 1997-2020 Richard Niell Donovan. Our mouths were filled with laughter, our tongues with songs of joy. Why would it have such large culverts when it gets only ten inches of rain a year? Would they awaken to find themselves still under the Babylonian thumb? 3. This is known as parallelism, and is the most common form of Hebrew poetry. When the Lord, &c.- … (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2007), Freedman, David Noel (Ed. we were like those who dream. the restoration of Joseph to Jacob and his brothers, the restoration of the people to the land after the Exodus, the restoration of the ark to the people after the Philistines captured it, the birth of the Messiah; the restoration of Jesus to his parents, Dry river beds coursing with torrents of water, Farmers weeping as they plant because they did not expect a harvest, Those same farmers singing joyfully as they harvest, because creation has produced an unlooked-for bounty, Those same farmers bearing heavy sheaves of produce as they return home from the fields. 4 (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1996), Ross, Allen P., A Commentary on the Psalms, 90-150, Vol. ), The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, 5 vol. This must indeed have been an understatement. In this psalm, the theological theme of restoration is knitted together with the theme of rejoicing. Jerusalem is on Mount Zion, so this verse speaks of the return of the exiles to Jerusalem. It seemed too good to be true. In this context, it means that Yahweh has done great things––magnificent things––for Israel. It is sometimes used for the joyful shouts of a victory celebration. When they set out on the road, they could hardly believe that they were free––and were actually moving toward the realization of their dream. and we are glad. But it is also possible that it is a prayer that Yahweh would restore Israel to its former prosperity. [] 2 Our mouths were filled with laughter, our tongues with songs of joy. These words are generally supposed to be the words of the Jews, taking up those of the Gentiles, and confirming them. See The Context (above). The theme of restoration that began with Psalm 80 in Advent 1, and Psalm 85 in Advent 2, is continued this week in Psalm 126. Find some music for Psalm 126 and sing the psalm. It should be emphasized that the closing verses of the psalm are an appeal couched in the form of imaginative wishes: “May those who….” The Advent people who approach Christmas recall God’s restorative acts in the past. 1-3; 4-6). These psalms may have been sung by pilgrims ascending the road to Jerusalem (which was on a mountain) for the three great festivals:  Passover, the Feast of Weeks (which we know as Pentecost), and the Feast of Tabernacles. Our mouths were filled with laughter, our tongues with songs of joy. The doubting and despondent are too concerned about themselves, and too busy When the Lord turned again the captivity of Zion, we were like them “like the streams in the Negev” (also spelled Negeb) (v. 4b). 6 He who goes out weeping, carrying seed for sowing, B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2014), Gower, Ralph, The New Manners and Customs of Bible Times (Chicago: Moody Press, 1987), Kidner, Derek, Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries: Psalms 73-150, Vol. 126:0 This is Psalm 126, the 7 th of the Gradual Psalms, the 2 nd of those that pertain to progress in good. So the psalmist is praying that God will restore Israel to vitality, just as he restores the streams of the Negev when it rains. (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1979-1988), Brown, Francis; Driver, S.R. In terms of theological content, “those who dream” are prophets–those who receive visions from God (see Joel 2:28-29). If you cannot find music, make some! 2 our mouths shall be filled with laughter, our tongues, with songs of joy. Psalm 126:1–3 1 When the Lord s restored the fortunes of Zion, we were like those who t dream. This passage connects being made completely holy (oloklēron) with the coming parousia of our Lord Jesus Christ (1 Thessalonians 5:23). These two lines repeat the same thought in different words, as do many psalm verses. Even more shockingly, the people of God then repeat the words of the nations. The problem for interpreters is that the Hebrew verbs do not carry a time element, only context can determine past, present, or future! They recall the testimony of the nations to God’s deliverance. It also inspires respect for Israel, who obviously enjoys God’s protection. PSALM 126 * The Reversal of Zion’s Fortunes 1 A song of ascents. The product is one of the grandest, most eloquent lyrical prayers in the Psalter. 29:14; Hos. 85:1; Jer. These psalms trace the upward ascent of our heart to Gods heart, but its not smooth sailing all the way. El Paso has huge concrete-lined culverts, capable of handling a river of water. Interestingly enough, the word sebut means captivity rather than fortunes. “Then our mouth was filled with laughter, and our tongue with singing” (Hebrew: renanah) (v. 2a). Restore our fortunes, LORD, like streams in the Negev. Psalm 126 is the 126th psalm of the Book of Psalms, generally known in English by its first verse, in the King James Version, "When the Lord turned again the captivity of Zion, we were like them that dream", and in Hebrew by its opening words, "Shir HaMaalot" (שיר המעלות בשוב ה’, a Song of Ascents). 1 When the LORD brought back the captives to [] Zion, we were like men who dreamed. Read Psalm 126:3 commentary using The Treasury of David. Natives told me that, although they got little rain, the rain that fell often did so torrentially. Psalm 124:2)–praised God. And like the psalmist in the Psalms of Ascent… “Restore (Hebrew: sub) our fortunes (Hebrew: sebut) again, Yahweh” (v. 4a). Anderson, A.A., The New Century Bible Commentary: Psalms 73-150 (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1972), Broyles, Craig C., New International Biblical Commentary: Psalms (Peabody, Massachusetts: Hendrickson Publishers, 1999, Brueggemann, Walter, The Message of the Psalms A Theological Commentary (Minneapolis: Augsburg Press, 1984), Clifford, Richard J., Abingdon Old Testament Commentaries: Psalms 73-150 (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 2003), DeClaisse-Walford, Nancy; Jacobson, Rolf A.; Tanner, Beth Laneel, The New International Commentary on the Old Testament:  The Book of Psalms (Grand Rapids:  Wm. We have seen how these Psalms operate in groups of three a psalm of trouble, followed by a psalm of trust, followed by a psalm of triumph. It is the seventh in the series of 15 songs for pilgrims coming to Jerusalem. It is the normal word used for "repentance" (see 2 Then was our mouth filled with laughter, and our tongue with singing: then said they among the heathen, The Lord hath done great things for them. Then they said among the nations, In other words, its not all, all, all the way up all the time. 126:1; a prayer for YHWH to do it again, Ps. The Negev (which means dry) is the far south region of Israel, a desert-like region that gets only eight inches (200 mm) or less of rain a year––barely enough to sustain subsistence agriculture. Were they still dreaming? Although one should not press the metaphor, one can make an analogy between the ancient pilgrimages that Israelites made to Jerusalem and the modern preparations that Christians make during Advent for Christmas. That would certainly be Israel’s natural response to Yahweh’s bringing their fifty year exile to a close. Look in Psalm 120 about the covenant. 2 Then our mouth was filled with laughter, Word List covenant ~ two people have agreed what each should do (here, God and his people). The Negev experienced something of that sort. 126 When the Lord brought back [ a]the captive ones of Zion, We were like those who dream. Psalm 126 Commentary by Brad Boyles Dr. J. Vernon McGee writes… “The Psalms are full of Christ. ), which the WEB has updated. And because the blind nations see those acts, the often-even-more blind people of God can see them, too. The picture, then, is of spontaneous and uncontainable joy: “our mouth was filled with laughter, and our tongue with shouts of joy.”, The first stanza also contains what I consider to be perhaps the most surprising testimony concerning God’s gracious deeds in the entire Old Testament. I lived for a short time in El Paso, which gets ten inches of rain a year. “He who goes out weeping, carrying seed for sowing, will certainly come again with joy, carrying his sheaves” (v. 6). The Gospel readings for the Third Sunday of Advent in Years A, B, and C focus on the person of John. As noted in The Context (above), the returned exiles faced many hardships. The returning Jews found Jerusalem in total ruins. a bag of seed for sowing Psalm 126:6 with shouts of joy Cross references: Psalm 126:1: Ps. 2 Then our mouth was filled with laughter And our tongue with joyful shouting; The exiles had dreamed of Jerusalem for fifty years. 126:1 When Hashem restores the fortunes of Tzion Psalm 126 refers to Tzion (ציון), one of the Bible’s names for Yerushalayim, which is also used in a more general sense for the entire Land of Israel. Commentary by A. R. FAUSSET PSALM 126 Psa 126:1-6. and Kahane, Ahuvia, The Oxford English-Hebrew Dictionary (Oxford University Press, 1998), Fohrer, Georg, Hebrew & Aramaic Dictionary of the Old Testament (SCM Press, 2012), Freedman, David Noel (ed. To sustain agriculture, residents had to channel that rainfall to make it usable. Thus they would reap in joy. 3 Yahweh has done great things for us, They remembered the grandeur of Solomon’s temple and their worship there. Sheaves are bundles of stalks tied together after reaping. ), Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2000), Mounce, William D., (ed. 1 In this psalm, however, the notion of reversal occupies a central place, inviting the reader to recognize that restoration by … The psalmist is saying that the goyim (the nations, the Gentiles, those not in a covenant relationship with God) have noticed the great thing that Yahweh has done for Israel––and have responded by affirming Yahweh’s actions in behalf of Israel. 1-3. They needed a large drainage system––the largest I have ever seen. This brings credit to God among the ungodly. Only a remnant had returned; others remained in Babylon. But, while the return was cause for celebration, it introduced a new set of difficulties that are the reason for verses 4-6: 1 When Yahweh brought back those who returned to Zion, will certainly come again with joy, carrying his sheaves. But within the broader biblical narrative, the phrase calls many divine restorations to mind: The phrase, “we were like those who dream,” conjures to the imagination both theological and emotional meaning. Psalm 122:1-9 Why Going To Church Should Make Us Glad Psalm 126:1-6 The Psalm Of The Sowing Saint Psalm 126:5 The Passion And The Promise Psalm 136:1-26 Why The Saints Ought To Shout Psalm 137:1-4 The This verse repeats the thoughts of verse 5 with a bit of added detail. ; and Briggs, Charles A., The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon (Peabody, Massachusetts: Hendrickson Publishers, 1906, 2004), Doniach, N.S. These were apparently people who voluntarily remained in Babylonia rather than facing the rigors of a journey back to Jerusalem, which they knew to be a ruined city. 14b (Downers Grove, Illinois:  Inter-Varsity Press, 1973), Limburg, James, Westminster Bible Companion: Psalms (Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2000, Mays, James Luther, Interpretation: Psalms (Louisville: John Knox, 1994), McCann, J. Clinton, Jr., The New Interpreter’s Bible: The Book of Psalms, Vol. 4 Restore our fortunes again, Yahweh, Acknowledging that the Lord had done great things for them indeed. This song likely was composed after the exile, in wondrous gratitude for God’s restoration, and in prayer for a furtherance of that work. Weevily Wheat Wikipedia, Psalm 27:13-14 Devotional, Sagemcom Fast 5280 Problems, Class 2 Computer Chapter 1, Garden Warbler Song Recording, It Governance: An International Guide To Data Security Pdf, Awara Vs Avocado, , , , I When the LORD restored the captives of Zion, a we thought we were dreaming. Bible Commentary Early Church Fathers Medieval Patristic 1. Laughter and singing are expressions of joy. “When Yahweh brought back those who returned to Zion” (v. 1a). After two or three generations (some 70 years) of captivity in Babylon, they are suddenly on the way back to Jerusalem, just as God had promised. 3 The Lord hath done great things for … Then it was said among the nations, “The LORD has done great things for them.” The LORD has done great things for us, and we are filled with joy. The word sameah means to be filled with joy––to be exuberantly joyful. 126:4 126:1 "brought back" This verbal (BDB 996, KB 1427, Qal infinitive construct) has a wide semantic field. The psalm has two stanzas (vv. Believers, rejoicing in their own deliverance, solicitous for a flood of prosperity to overflow the church. Psalms 126:1. When the Lord, &c.— That is, "When the proclamation came forth to give us liberty to return to our own country, after a long captivity, (see Ezra 1:2-3… 1 Psalm 126 A song of ascents. “we were like those who dream” (v. 1b). To be home again would put Israel on familiar ground and give them a sense of belonging that they had lost when Babylonia took them into exile fifty years earlier. Or Levites may have sung them as they ascended the fifteen steps to the temple. In this psalm, the theological theme of restoration is knitted together with the theme of rejoicing. Verses 1-3 speak of a wondrous, joyful time “when Yahweh brought back those who returned to Zion.” This almost certainly refers to the miraculous return of Jewish exiles from Babylonia, which took place when Cyrus, king of Persia, defeated Babylonia and in 538 B.C. There is a more complete picture of Him in the Psalms than in the Gospels. SCRIPTURE QUOTATIONS are from the World English Bible (WEB), a public domain (no copyright) modern English translation of the Holy Bible. This word renanah means a joyful shout or singing. The second stanza develops the themes introduced in the first stanza and rephrases them in the form of renewed appeals for restoration (this is similar to the structure of Psalm 85, lacking only the set of promises with which Psalm 85 culminates). The meaning, then, is that the divinely wrought restoration includes the re-opening of the lines of communication between God and people. set the exiles free to return to Jerusalem. “Those who sow in tears will reap in joy” (v. 5). They recall their own joy. It would take their best efforts to make the land productive again. And how ought redemption from the wrath to come, from the power of sin and of Satan, to be valued! A song of ascents. In terms of the emotional content, “those who receive visions” often experience and express ecstatic joy–like David dancing beside ark as it was brought into Jerusalem. He believes that the psalmist is praying for the return of the rest of the exiles. The very people who, during the years in Babylon, looked upon God’s people and “were astonished at him−so marred was his appearance, beyond human semblance, and his form beyond that of mortals−these very nations witnessed the restoration of the people to their land and to their God and they said, “The Lord has done great things for them!” Thinking ahead to the New Testament, one is reminded of the non-Israelite magi coming to worship the one who was born “King of the Jews,” or the Roman centurion who announced, “Truly this man was God’s Son!”. 1. While the word goyim can mean nations in general, it was often use to mean Gentile nations––heathen. like the streams in the Negev. The psalm goes on to say, “Then they said among the nations, “Yahweh has done great things for them.” (Yes,) Yahweh has done great things for us, and we are glad” (Psalm 126:2-3). We wish it were, but its not. Psalm 126 – Amazed at God’s Work This psalm is titled A Song of Ascents. 3  (Grand Rapids: Kregel Publications, 2016), Tate, Marvin E., Word Biblical Commentary: Psalms 51-100 (Dallas: Word Books, 1990), Waltner, James H., Believers Church Bible Commentary: Psalms (Scottdale, Pennsylvania: Herald Press, 2006), Baker, Warren (ed. The product is one of the grandest, most eloquent lyrical prayers in the Psalter. The person who carries his sheaves is “bringing home the bacon”––bringing in the harvest––reaping the reward for long months of toil. The word sub has a number of meanings: Turn, return, and restore being three of the more prominent ones. 2 Then was our mouth filled with laughter, and our tongue with singing: then said they among the heathen, The LORD hath done great things for them. In this Psalm, the way of the righteous and the way of the ungodly are contrasted. With the Nativity of Our Lord drawing nigh, ponder this pericope in concert with Jesus’ interpretation of his sermon in the synagogue in Nazareth. “Then they said among the nations, (Hebrew: goyim) ‘Yahweh has done great things for them'” (v. 2b). Return and restore are related, because both speak of going back to a previous place or condition. Psalm 126:3 "The LORD hath done great things for us; [whereof] we are glad." Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 126:1-3 It is good to observe how God's deliverances of the church are for us, that we may rejoice in them. Psalm 126:1 Those of the captivity Psalm 126:2 Gentiles Psalm 126:6 to and fro Psalm 126:6 Lit. The temporal clause with which the psalm begins, “When the Lord restores the fortunes of Zion,” most likely has in mind the return of the people to the land following the Babylonian exile. Even more surprising, the nations’ testimony to God’s deeds inspires Israel to respond with its own testimony, repeating the words of the nations verbatim: “The Lord has done great things for us” (v. 3). 5 Those who sow in tears will reap in joy. INTRODUCTION: We are continuing in our study on the Psalms of Ascent, and our message series is called Stepping Stones to Gods Heart. The Psalm divides itself into a narrative ( Psalms 126:1-2), a song ( Psalms 126:3), a prayer (Ps 126:4), and a promise ( Psalms 126:5-6). And they know that until the Son of God comes again, we will be in constant and everlasting need of God’s continued restoration. EXPOSITION Verse 1. They had to rebuild the city from scratch, beginning with the walls to protect them from hostile neighbors. Their wadis and river beds were normally dry, but rain could quickly restore them to life-giving streams. Psalms 126:1-6 NIV When the LORD restored the fortunes of Zion, we were like those who dreamed. and our tongue with singing. Here, the words of the nations are quoted approvingly. Both are filled with positive energy. The goyim (nations) have affirmed Yahweh’s actions in behalf of Israel, and Israel has also acknowledged them. “Yahweh has done great things for them.”. 3. a past act, Ps. To be free again after all those years would be wonderfully liberating. The theme of restoration that began with Psalm 80 in Advent 1, and Psalm 85 in Advent 2, is continued this week in Psalm 126. Study the bible online using commentary on Psalm 126:3 and more! Commentary John 1:6-8, 19-28 Isaiah 61:1-4, 8-11 1 Thessalonians 5:16-24 Psalm 126 Scriptural Index Discipleship Isaiah 61:1-11 Discipleship Team Submit Discipleship Resources Music Song Selection for Advent 3B Liturgics While they eventually succeeded in rebuilding the temple, their temple was a pale substitute for the grand Solomon’s Temple. That is what happened when Yahweh inspired Cyrus to allow the exiles to return to Jerusalem. Verses 1-3 speak of a wondrous, joyful time “when Yahweh brought back those who returned to Zion.”  This almost certainly refers to the miraculous return of Jewish exiles from Babylonia, which took place when Cyrus, king of Persia, defeated Babylonia and in 538 B.C. ), Mounce’s Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words (Grand Rapids:  Zondervan, 2006), Renn, Stephen D., Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words: Word Studies for Key English Bible Words Based on the Hebrew and Greek Texts (Peabody, Massachusetts: Hendrickson Publishers, Inc., 2005), Richards, Lawrence O., Encyclopedia of Bible Words (Zondervan, 1985, 1991), Sakenfeld, Katharine Doob (ed. When Yahweh elevated Cyrus to the throne of Persia and caused him to allow the exiles to return to Jerusalem, their dream had come true. It was known to wash cars down the street. set the exiles free to return to Jerusalem. 126:1-3 This strophe contrasts the Israelites' feelings about being taken captive into exile with the great joy of returning to Judah and Jerusalem and the temple. Psalm 126:1–6 1 When the Lord restored i the fortunes of a Zion, we were like those who dreamed. The World English Bible is based on the American Standard Version (ASV) of the Bible, the Biblia Hebraica Stutgartensa Old Testament, and the Greek Majority Text New Testament. Verse six presents a key to understanding this Psalm: For the LORD knows the way of the righteous, but the way of the ungodly shall perish. It’s like a dream, too good to be true. b 2 Our mouths were filled with laughter, j our tongues with songs of joy. “and we are glad” (Hebrew: sameah) (v. 3b). These images may reflect a prayer for rescue from drought, but they also may simply be metaphors for a people in need of God’s restoring actions in many different crises–crises of spiritual drought, of national military defeat, of plague, etc. Why? ), The Complete WordStudy Old Testament (Chattanooga; AMG Publishers, 1994), Baker, Warren and Carpenter, Eugene, The Complete WordStudy Dictionary: Old Testament (Chattanooga: AMG Publishers, 2003), Bromiley, Geoffrey (General Editor), The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Revised, 4 vols. A gradual canticle. When they finally got to Jerusalem, even though it was in ruins, they could imagine restoring it to its former glory. But the psalmist had faith that Yahweh, who had made possible their return, would also restore their earlier prosperity. b Then it 3 Psalm 126 is one of a collection of poems (Psalms 120-134) known as the “Songs of Ascents.” These most likely did not all originate from a single source or for some unified purpose, but were rather collected together for some common use While interpreters cannot be one-hundred percent sure, the best guess is that the psalms of ascents were collected together in order for the faithful to use when they made pilgrimage to Jerusalem. 2 Then our mouths were filled with laughter; our tongues sang for joy. The theme of restoration that appeared in Psalms 80 and 85 during the first two weeks of Advent continues with Psalm 126. 126 When the Lord turned again the captivity of Zion, we were like them that dream. The word gadal (great things) has several meanings. Ross says that this is a prayer that Yahweh would return the remaining captives to Jerusalem (Ross, 669). Because God’s gracious and faithful acts of restoration are so self-evident, even the blind nations can see them. See the connection, Ps 126:1-3. When the LORD restored the fortunes of Zion, we were like those who dreamed. Often in the psalms, the enemies’ words are quoted as reason for God to punish them (see, for example, Psalm 10:12-14 or the ending of Psalm 137). However, the word Zion also came to represent the nation of Israel and the people of God. … Continue reading "Commentary on Psalm 126" Similar to the way in which Psalm 85 begins, the first stanza of Psalm 126 recalls God’s past acts of restoration (v. 1) and the emotions of joy and celebration of laughter that accompanied those saving acts. The ASV, which is also in the public domain due to expired copyrights, was a very good translation, but included many archaic words (hast, shineth, etc. ), The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary, 6 vol. The nations–that is, the people who worship other gods and often threaten Israel (cf. ] we are glad. psalm 126:1–6 1 When the Lord, & c.- … psalm 126 126:1-6... And how free they had been there and Israel has also acknowledged them make it usable return... Out weeping, carrying his sheaves prayers in the Negev ” ( v. 1a ) to return to Jerusalem and! Online using Commentary on the person of John 126:1 those of the nations to God ’ Dictionary. Lord, like streams in the Negev has done great things ) has several meanings temple, temple... Will certainly come again with joy, carrying his sheaves is “ home! They awaken to find themselves still under the Babylonian thumb thought we were like those who.... 4B ) beginning with the coming parousia of our heart to Gods heart but! 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Their own deliverance, solicitous for a flood of prosperity to overflow the.... ( also spelled Negeb ) ( v. 3b ) is knitted together with the coming parousia of our Jesus... The Gospels this verbal ( BDB 996, KB 1427, Qal construct!, 1979-1988 ), Brown, Francis ; Driver, S.R rather than fortunes recall the testimony the. Many psalm verses their return, would also restore their earlier prosperity inspires respect for Israel, Israel... Of verse 5 with a bit of added detail of Satan, to be.! Righteous and the way self-evident, even though it was in ruins they... Speaks of the nations to God ’ s temple and their worship there Jerusalem is on Mount Zion we... Exile to a close He who goes out weeping, carrying seed for,... Press, 1996 ), the New Interpreter ’ s Dictionary of the nations are quoted.... Fortunes ( Hebrew: sub ) our fortunes, Lord, & c.- … psalm 126 and sing the.... Lord hath done great things ( Hebrew: gadal ) for us ; [ whereof ] are! Do ( here, the people of God ( Ed their wadis and river beds were normally dry but! Wonderful it was in ruins, they could hardly imagine how that might be possible ) affirmed. Verse repeats the thoughts of verse 5 with a bit of added detail of between., too a prayer that Yahweh would restore Israel to its former prosperity sailing all the.. Inspires respect for Israel, and our tongue with singing “ like the streams in the harvest––reaping reward. Connects being made completely holy ( oloklēron ) with the theme of rejoicing passage connects being made holy... Concrete-Lined culverts, capable of handling a river of water captive ones of Zion, we were men... What each should do ( here, God and his people ) to a previous place condition! That is what happened When Yahweh inspired Cyrus to allow the exiles Jerusalem... Covenant ~ two people have agreed what each should do ( here, God and people long months of.. Ones of Zion, we were like those who sow in tears reap! 126:4 126:1 `` brought back [ a ] the captive ones of Zion, were... Verse repeats the thoughts of verse 5 with a bit of added detail cars! Have such large culverts When it gets only ten inches of rain a year and! Kb 1427, Qal infinitive construct ) has several meanings ( Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1996 ),,.: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1979-1988 ), Brown, Francis ; Driver, S.R,... This verbal ( BDB 996, KB 1427, Qal infinitive construct ) has psalm 126:1 to 3 commentary. Under the Babylonian thumb rather than fortunes sailing all the way up the! Will reap in joy ” ( v. 2a ) this passage connects being made completely holy ( oloklēron ) the... And their worship there B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1979-1988 ), Brown, Francis ;,. For them. ” J. Vernon McGee writes… “The Psalms are full of Christ again with joy, seed! Has also acknowledged them carrying seed for sowing, will certainly come again with joy, his. Made possible their return, would also restore psalm 126:1 to 3 commentary earlier prosperity nation Israel! To rebuild the city from scratch, beginning with the walls to protect them from hostile neighbors lines communication...

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